Every child is different. This chart gives general milestones in a child's intellectual development. The information below lets you know what to expect.
Remember, no two children have exactly the same makeup or the same needs. Your child is an individual with his or her own special growth pattern. Comparing your child's growth and development with other children is not a good idea and usually causes needless worry.
Never hesitate to ask for guidance if you or your children are facing specific problems.
Throws a ball overhand.
Skips, can walk on tiptoes and jumps forward
Washes and dries hands and brushes teeth unassisted.
Can cut and paste.
Can name four or five colors.
Can state his or her age.
Has a vocabulary of six to eight word sentences.
Can tell a simple story.
Can dress and undress without supervision.
Knows his or her own phone number, address and several nursery rhymes.
Can copy a triangle from a picture.
Draws a person with a head, body, arms and legs.
Understands right and wrong, fair and unfair.
Understands games that have rules.
Engages in make-believe and dress-up play, in which your child may assume a specific role ("mommy or daddy").
Parenting and Behavioral
Listen to and show respect for your child.
Continue reading to your child or read together. Get a library card and use it regularly. Ask the librarian to pick out age appropriate books.
By the end of this year many 5-year-olds can recognize simple words and may even be reading. Praise your child's progress.
Children this age show concern for each other so parents should encourage diversity, respect and tolerance.
The 5-year-old enjoys crafts, coloring and painting. He or she may also begin enjoying simple board games.
It is not unusual to have occasional accidents at night and during play. Be understanding and do not make a big deal out of it. However, if it happens frequently, it would be a good idea to discuss the matter with the child's doctor.
Enhance your 5-year-old's experience with trips to parks, libraries, zoos and other points of interest.
Teach your child the difference between right and wrong.
Begin age appropriate chores.
Always show affection.
A 5-year-old is usually imaginative and has lots of energy. Be sure to praise children. Building self-esteem is very important at this age. Give your child encouragement and praise not only for completing a task but also while working on the task. Avoid physical punishment - it only promotes fear and guilt and teaches the child that violence is acceptable in certain situations. Instead, send the child to a quiet, boring place without anything to do for five minutes as a form of discipline.
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